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Wednesday, December 23, 2015

State of Emergency: Children in Flint, Mich. suffer from lead poisoning, affecting health & IQ

Flint, Michigan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The racial makeup of the city was 53.27% Black or African American, 41.39% White, 0.64% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.11% from other races, and 3.14% from two or more races. 2.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 7.2% were of German and 5.6% American ancestry. 96.0% spoke English and 2.5% Spanish as their first language.
New study links tainted water, high lead levels in kids in Flint, Michigan - CBS News
A new study provides the strongest evidence yet of a link between elevated blood-lead levels in children living in Flint, Michigan, and the struggling city's water system, a pediatrician who first raised alarms about the matter said Monday. Dr. Mona Hanna-Attisha, director of pediatric residency at Hurley Children's Hospital, and other experts compiled the report using a more refined analysis. It showed that areas in Flint with the highest levels of lead in tap water corresponded with where young children with the highest blood-lead levels lived. The study also confirmed her earlier assessment that the percentage of children with abnormally high blood-lead levels had at least doubled after the city stopped tapping Detroit's water system to save money in 2014, and began using water from the nearby Flint River.
Michigan Ignored 'Conclusive Evidence' Of Flint Lead Poisoning, Researcher Says
Michigan state officials insisted that the water supply in Flint was safe even though they knew an unusual number of children had suffered lead poisoning, according to a scientist who helped blow the whistle on Flint's water crisis. Through a public records request, Marc Edwards, a civil engineering professor at Virginia Tech, uncovered a July 2015 memo warning of elevated lead levels in Flint kids' blood. An internal report from the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services warned that lead poisoning rates "were higher than usual for children under age 16 living in the City of Flint during the months of July, August and September, 2014." In April 2014, city and state officials switched Flint's water source from Detroit's water system to the Flint River, immediately prompting citizen complaints about tap water quality.
In Flint, Mich., there’s so much lead in children’s blood that a state of emergency is declared - The Washington Post
That’s how lead works. It leaves its mark quietly, with a virtually invisible trail. But years later, when a child shows signs of a learning disability or behavioral issues, lead’s prior presence in the bloodstream suddenly becomes inescapable. According to the World Health Organization, “lead affects children’s brain development resulting in reduced intelligence quotient (IQ), behavioral changes such as shortening of attention span and increased antisocial behavior, and reduced educational attainment. Lead exposure also causes anemia, hypertension, renal impairment, immunotoxicity and toxicity to the reproductive organs. The neurological and behavioral effects of lead are believed to be irreversible.” The Hurley Medical Center, in Flint, released a study in September that confirmed what many Flint parents had feared for over a year: The proportion of infants and children with above-average levels of lead in their blood has nearly doubled since the city switched from the Detroit water system to using the Flint River as its water source, in 2014.
High Lead Levels In Michigan Kids After City Switches Water Source : NPR _______________________________________________________ IQ effects of childhood lead exposure persist with age. — Environmental Health News
New evidence suggests childhood lead exposure may have a persistent and irreversible effect on IQ during the adult years. A 30 year follow-up study in Boston found that even low level exposure to lead during childhood – that is, at or below the U.S. level of concern of 10 µg/dL – may impair adult cognitive function enough to lower IQ scores.Even small decreases in IQ can increase the number of people in society who need extra help in school or who may have difficulty finding work. Although it is well known that lead exposure during childhood can decrease cognitive function in children, the results of this study suggest there are long-term consequences of environmental lead exposure.
Very Low Lead Levels Linked With IQ Deficits, According To NEJM Study -- ScienceDaily
A new study suggests that lead may be harmful even at very low blood concentrations. The five-year study found that children who have blood lead concentration lower than 10 micrograms per deciliter suffer intellectual impairment from the exposure.
CDC - Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program - PLPYC 91 Chpapter 2

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