More than 8,200 people died from heroin-involved overdose in 2013, nearly twice the number of deaths seen just two years earlier, according to the Vital Signs report issued by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Heroin use has doubled among women since 2002, reaching 1.6 women per 1,000 people by 2013.
Heroin use rose 50 percent among men in the same period, to a rate of 3.6 users per 1,000 nationwide in 2013.
About 500,000 people are currently addicted to heroin in the United States, CDC chief Tom Frieden told reporters. Read more...
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Mexican Cartels Expand Offerings To Feed America's Growing Heroin Addiction
Red and purple blossoms with fat, opium-filled bulbs blanket the remoteHeroin, Mexico Becomes The Largest Exporter To United States Drug Addicts | SlowDecline's Weblog
creek sides and gorges of the Filo Mayor mountains in the southern state
The multibillion-dollar Mexican opium trade starts here, with poppy farmers so poor they live in wood-plank, tin-roofed shacks with no indoor plumbing.
Mexican farmers from three villages interviewed by The Associated Press are feeding a growing addiction in the U.S., where heroin use has spread from back alleys to
the cul-de-sacs of suburbia.
The heroin trade is a losing prospect for everyone except the Mexican cartels, who have found a new way to make money in the face of falling cocaine consumption and marijuana legalization in the United States. Once smaller-scale producers of low-grade black tar, Mexican drug traffickers are now refining opium paste into high-grade white heroin and flooding the world's largest market for illegal drugs, using the distribution routes they built for marijuana and cocaine.
Mexico has a new distinction in the world of illicit drugs as Heroin has seen a six-fold increase in production from 2007-2011 making it the largest Opium producer in the World to second place Afghanistan. Previously 87%
of the World’s production of Opium originated in Afghanistan in the 2004
period which contributed roughly $4 billion dollars per year to the
country with a 4,500 metric tons output noted in 1999.
The farming of Opium in Mexico goes back to the early period of the 1900s when its
cultivation and use were then attributed to Chinese immigrants using the substance. Following the passage of the Harrison Narcotics Act in 1914 by the U.S. congress the price for opium soared. Mexico which was already involved in a revolutionary war was directing its resources to that end. So Mexican drug farmers and smugglers jumped onto the supply train supplying the American need for opium based products which was now
a profitable business venture.