Since slavery, things haven’t changed as much as we think they have. America has figured out a way to ease Whites people’s concerns by locking Black people out of workforces that have the highest wages and the highest possibility to foster economic growth and upward mobility.
Just as Jim McPherson explains, Google has systematically reserved the more “menial” jobs for Black people, denying them a significant place in leadership positions. Further, they have, for the most part, denied Black people access to jobs with their organization, in general. 2% is not representation. Nor would I call it access. In fact, according to PBS’s report, in the U.S., White people make up 72% of Google’s leadership positions, while Black people represent only 1.5% of those with leadership roles. | RapRehab
David grounds his rebuttal in The Philadelphia Plan, an affirmative action program that David believes qualifies as reparations. I disagree. The Philadelphia Plan was an attempt to end job discrimination among firms doing business with the federal government. Originally it was isolated to the building trades in Philadelphia. This was not a mistake. "The NAACP wanted a tougher require; the unions hated the whole thing," said White House aide John Ehrlichman. "Before long, the AFL-CIO and the NAACP were locked in combat over one of the passionate issues of the day and the Nixon administration was located in the sweet and reasonable middle."
The Plan's proprietors showed little stomach for any kind of historical reckoning. President Richard Nixon's Assistant Secretary of Labor Arthur Fletcher, who helped create the Plan, targeted not just blacks, but "Orientals, American Indians and persons with Spanish surnames."