|English: ANC election poster, trying to make political capital over the decision to "hand back" District Six to land claimants in Cape Town (South Africa), 2001. Picture by Henry Trotter. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)|
The ‘New South Africa’ or ‘Rainbow Nation’ is today a country of two nations: one is the extremely rich White settler minority and the other is the extremely poor African indigenous majority. All this thanks to a land law passed a hundred years ago.
MOTSOKO PHEKO: This means that Africans were allowed to purchase land only from other Africans, not from non-Africans who were European settlers now colonially allocated 93 percent of the African country and its mineral wealth. Africans could purchase land from one another only from 7 percent of the land allocated to the Africans. It must be remembered that the Native Land Act of 1913 was precipitated by the fact that during the 1911 harvest some African farmers had garnered 3,000 bags of wheat while European settler farmers had reaped a mere 300 to 400 bags of wheat. African farmers’ produce kept mills busy in places such as Ficksburg, Klerksdorp and Zeerust. African export business was looming in the not distant future.
As Sol Plaatje, the First Secretary of the 1912 ANC wrote colonialists asked, ‘Where will we get servants if Kaffirs (Africans) are allowed to become skilled? A Kaffir with a thousand bags of wheat? What will he do with the money? If they (Africans) are inclined to herd pedigree stock, let them improve their masters’ (colonial settlers) cattle and cultivate for the land owner- not for themselves.’ • Africanglobe
There is no doubt that South Africa is in deep crisis – an unfinished revolution. “The land question is unresolved, economic redistribution is not addressed, racial equality is not attained.” Yet the ruling African National Congress remains deeply embedded in the nation’s political culture. “The ANC remains the central organizational pivot in South Africa’s peoples’ lives.”