America's new and still evolving defence strategy is strongly focused on Asia-Pacific and the Middle East, as well as heralding a new phase of restraint in military spending. Over the next 10 years, the Pentagon faces budget cuts of $487bn.
On his first visit to Japan as Pentagon Chief in October 2011, US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta stated that America would remain a global economic and military power despite the cuts, and that the Asia-Pacific region would be central to the US national security strategy. Washington's shift in focus towards Asia is in response to China's growing military power.
But the expanding US military presence in Africa suggests that Washington is also increasingly concerned about the expansion of transnational terrorism into the sub-Saharan region of the continent.
US forces or advisers are active in the Horn of Africa, and East and Central Africa, while in at least 10 countries in the Maghreb, the Sahel and West Africa US personnel are providing counterterrorism training and building up national armies. - Defence Management