The number of children infected globally with HIV has decreased by more than a quarter (26%) between 2009 and 2011, however more than 90 percent of the 3,4-million children living with HIV are in sub-Saharan Africa.
Released yesterday (WED), the annual UNAIDS report revealed that there were 34,2-million people living with HIV in 2011, more than ever before, which they ascribed to the life-prolonging effects of antiretroviral therapy. An estimated 23,5-million of these people were living in sub-Saharan Africa, including 3,1-million children.
About 117,000 babies were saved from HIV infection last year under South Africa's scheme to prevent mothers from passing on the disease during childbirth, health official said Thursday.
Among mothers with HIV, only 2.7 percent passed the virus to their babies in 2011, down from 3.5 percent in 2010, the Medical Research Council said. The rate was eight percent in 2008.
Deaths from HIV/AIDS are rising in parts of Asia and central Europe and the global response must accelerate, experts said after the release of a major report on the world AIDS epidemic.
The epicenter of the crisis remains in Africa, where great strides have been made in domestic funding and treatment, but where 1.2 million people died of AIDS-related causes last year, the bulk of the 1.5 million deaths worldwide.